In the years following her high-profile court battle, Mildred Loving did her best to put the past behind her, refusing most interview requests to talk about the case and shying away from attention."What happened, we really didn't intend for it to happen," she said in a 1992 interview."What we wanted, we wanted to come home."An unofficial holiday celebrates Mildred and Richard's triumph and multiculturalism, called Loving Day, on June 12th.Mildred Loving was of African American, European and Native American descent, specifically from the Cherokee and Rappahannock tribes.Mildred's family had deep roots in the area around Central Point, Virginia, where blacks and whites mixed freely with little racial tension even at the height of the Jim Crow era. As a girl, she was so skinny she was nicknamed "String Bean," which was eventually shortened to "Bean" by her future husband.The court held that Virginia’s anti-miscegenation statute violated both the Equal Protection Clause and the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote the opinion for the court, stating marriage is a basic civil right and to deny this right on a basis of race is “directly subversive of the principle of equality at the heart of the Fourteenth Amendment” and deprives all citizens “liberty without due process of law.”Richard and Mildred were able to openly live in Caroline County again, where they built a home and raised their children.The Lovings then lived as a legal, married couple in Virginia until Richard’s death in 1975., starring Ruth Negga and Joel Edgerton, was also released.Mildred Delores Jeter was born on July 22, 1939 (with some sources listing the year as 1940), in Central Point, Virginia.
Yet the two also clandestinely made trips to their home state together and eventually secretly lived in Virginia again despite the risk of imprisonment.
When Mildred became pregnant at the age of 18, the couple decided to get married.
However Virginia's Racial Integrity Act of 1924 (known as an anti-miscegenation law) barred the Lovings from marrying in their home state, so the couple drove north to Washington, D. to tie the knot and then returned to their home in Caroline County, Virginia.
Mildred Loving (born Mildred Delores Jeter on July 22, 1939, died May 2, 2008), who was of African-American and Native American descent, became a reluctant activist in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s when she and her white husband, Richard Loving, successfully challenged Virginia's ban on interracial marriage.
In marrying, the couple violated Virginia's Racial Integrity Act.
More importantly, the prohibition against mixed race marriages has been stripped out of every state constitution.