) was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning hours of 15 April 1912, after it collided with an iceberg during its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.
There were an estimated 2,224 passengers and crew aboard the ship, and more than 1,500 died, making it one of the deadliest commercial peacetime maritime disasters in modern history.
The disaster was met with worldwide shock and outrage at the huge loss of life and the regulatory and operational failures that had led to it.
Public inquiries in Britain and the United States led to major improvements in maritime safety.
At a.m., she broke apart and foundered—with well over one thousand people still aboard.
On 14 April, four days into the crossing and about 375 miles (600 km) south of Newfoundland, she hit an iceberg at p.m. The collision caused the ship's hull plates to buckle inwards along her starboard (right) side and opened five of her sixteen watertight compartments to the sea; she could only survive four flooding.
Teutonic was replaced by Olympic while Majestic was replaced by Titanic.
Majestic would be brought back into her old spot on White Star's New York service after Titanic's loss.
The name Titanic was derived from Greek mythology and meant gigantic.
Built in Belfast, Ireland, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (as it was then known), the RMS Titanic was the second of the three Olympic-class ocean liners—the first was the RMS Olympic and the third was the HMHS Britannic. Morgan, who controlled the White Star Line's parent corporation, the International Mercantile Marine Co. The White Star Line faced an increasing challenge from its main rivals Cunard, which had recently launched the Lusitania and the Mauretania—the fastest passenger ships then in service—and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd.
Harland and Wolff were given a great deal of latitude in designing ships for the White Star Line; the usual approach was for the latter to sketch out a general concept which the former would take away and turn into a ship design.