in Chinese), but the Grand Secretariat of Qing dynasty pointed out that the name Nam Viet/Nanyue includes regions of Guangxi and Guangdong in China, and 'Nguyễn Phúc Ánh only has Annam, which is simply the area of our old Jiaozhi ( Archaeological excavations have revealed the existence of humans in what is now Vietnam as early as the Paleolithic age.Homo erectus fossils dating to around 500,000 BC have been found in caves in Lạng Sơn and Nghệ An provinces in northern Vietnam.Vietnam was then unified under a Marxist-Leninist government but remained impoverished and politically isolated.In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms which began Vietnam's path towards integration into the world economy.After the Mạc dynasty was defeated, the Lê dynasty was nominally reinstalled, but actual power was divided between the northern Trịnh lords and the southern Nguyễn lords, who engaged in a civil war for more than four decades before a truce was called in the 1670s.
The three Vietnameses entities were formally integrated into the union of French Indochina in 1887.
Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.
It is also a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.
Vietnam's independence was gradually eroded by France – aided by large Catholic militias – in a series of military conquests between 18.
In 1862, the southern third of the country became the French colony of Cochinchina.
The Hồng Bàng dynasty of the Hùng kings is considered the first Vietnamese state, known in Vietnamese as Văn Lang.